Improper diet, stress, and bad habits can trigger inflammation of the pancreas. This is a serious condition that requires not only complex treatment, but also the correct corrective diet. A strict pancreatitis diet is an integral part of fighting the disease.
General principles of the pancreatitis diet
Pancreatitis can manifest spontaneously, causing great discomfort to a person (acute form) or with latent and delayed features (chronic phase). Leaks differ not only in clinical symptoms, but also in dietary characteristics.
In acute pancreatitis, a few days of fasting is recommended. This is necessary in order to provide the body with a state of rest and to reduce the focus of inflammation in the tissues.
You can start eating on the 4th day after the acute symptoms of illness (severe pain, nausea, vomiting, and heavy diarrhea) have subsided. In chronic pancreatitis, diet adherence is important. This will help prevent exacerbations and achieve long-term remission.
In addition, you need to follow the general principles of nutrition:
- Steam heat treatment of food. It will help preserve all the useful ingredients of the food.
- Fragmented nutrition (up to 5 times a day, in small doses) - reduces the load on a weak digestive system.
- Eating warm food is important.
- Food must be crushed to a liquid consistency before eating.
It is important to avoid snacking throughout the day. The main meal is full. It is best to drink more warm tea or water. This will help remove toxins from the body and reduce abdominal discomfort.
What can you eat with pancreatitis
For pancreatic inflammation, physicians attribute patient nutrition to Table 5 according to generally accepted dietary classifications. Patients eat only wholesome foods, completely rejecting foods that cause acid production in gastric juices and stimulate increased work to weaken enzymes in the organs.
Table "Products useful for pancreatitis"
|cooked vegetables (stewed, boiled)||Beets, cauliflower, broccoli, potatoes, zucchini, carrots, squash, tomatoes are fine, but in small doses|
|Fruits and berries (jelly-like decoctions, preserves, fruit and berry purees)||Apricots, melons, watermelons (2-3 per day), apples, pears, raisins (raisins), bananas. Avocados are allowed for 2 months after exacerbation|
|Meat (meat slices, steamed meatballs, meatballs)||Rabbit, turkey, beef (tongue, liver), veal, chicken|
|Fish (cooked or steamed steaks, fillets) and seafood||Cod liver, pike, flounder, pollock, pike. Shrimp can be eaten 17-21 days after remission|
|cereals||Buckwheat porridge, oatmeal (oatmeal), rice, semolina. Sometimes you can have barley or polenta|
|Broth and Soup||Only vegetables (no cooked onions and garlic) or dairy products with grains. If it doesn't worsen, you can cook the stock over the second broth.|
|Macaroni (cooked)||noodles, noodles|
|baked goods||Stale wheat bread (bake 1-2 days before serving)|
|Low-fat dairy and dairy products||Cheese steam casserole, cottage cheese (non-spicy), cottage cheese (non-acidic) kefir, curd, fermented baking milk, butter, sour cream (no more than 1 tablespoon per day)|
|egg||Steamed fried eggs, and occasionally boiled eggs|
|Fat||butter, vegetables (sunflowers, olives)|
|drinks||Wheat bran soup, wild rose, weak tea|
|candy (small dose)||Honey, jam, jelly (homemade), non-bread cookies, marshmallows, mousse, marshmallows|
|Nuts (grind or chew thoroughly before eating)||Pistachios, Walnuts, Peanuts|
|Beans (ground)||Beans (weighted decoction), soy meat, green beans|
Allowed foods contain many water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins and are rich in carbohydrates, protein, and lipids. And, most importantly, they don't actually irritate the pancreatic mucosa.
What not to eat with pancreatitis
Many products are able to cause an increase in the secretion of acids and enzymes that greatly stimulate the pancreatic mucosa.
Therefore, it is best to remove all harmful foods from your diet:
- Spicy, sour, fried foods, preserves and pickles, fatty soups (especially aspic);
- Seasonings, spices, sauces, mayonnaise, ketchup;
- Meat and its by-products - pork (tongue), lamb including fat, sausages, bacon, sausages, balyks, lard;
- Fatty fish (salmon, catfish, carp, mackerel, herring) and seafood (mussels, squid, crab, lobster);
- Rich pastries, rye bread, chocolate products, cakes, sweets (lollipops, caramels), syrups, ice cream, glazed curds;
- Oranges, figs, sunflower seeds, radishes, turnips, various mushrooms.
Coffee, strong black and green tea, milk, carbonated drinks are prohibited. The following prohibited foods should always be excluded from everyday use: fast food (burgers, french fries, shawarma, hot dogs, sushi, rolls), potato chips, salted nuts, spicy spices, alcohol, nicotine.
Sample menu of the week
Strict adherence to the principles of proper nutrition is helpful in the treatment of pancreatitis. The diet should not be interrupted or junk food added to the diet as this can cause an acute attack of the disease.
Table "Daily Menu"
|first day||Breakfast: milk oatmeal, veal slices, tea or preserves|
|Second breakfast: eggs (omelet or boiled), wheat soup (from bran), roasted fruit (apples, pears, bananas - to choose from)|
|Lunch: vegetable soup, noodles, chicken soup, jelly, tea|
|Snacks: cheese, kefir, fermented roasted milk (optional), tea|
|Dinner: boiled pike, bread, tea|
|the next day||Breakfast: boiled potatoes (mashed), a fish, a few biscuits, tea|
|Second breakfast: eggs, turkey steak, bread, preserves|
|Lunch: Chicken soup, fish steak, bread, curd|
|Afternoon snack: Homemade berry jelly, jelly-like fruit soup, still water|
|Dinner: Carrot puree, meatballs, cereal, tea drink|
|day three||Breakfast: Baked vegetables with rice flakes, beef liver, tea, steamed raisins|
|Breakfast 2: vermicelli, beef soufflé, apricot puree, mineral water
Lunch: Broth (vegetables), fish liver, bread, biscuits, honey tea
|Afternoon snack: berry jelly dish, 2-3 slices of watermelon or melon, candied fruit|
|Dinner: Cereal, grilled cheese, jam, tea|
|Day 4||Breakfast: liquid semolina, vegetable casserole, bread, fermented baking milk|
|Breakfast 2: beef tongue, vegetable puree (broccoli, carrot), some marshmallows, tea|
|Lunch: Rabbit broth, steamed meatballs, shrimp, biscuits, jelly|
|Snacks: mousse or jelly, baked apples (pears, bananas)|
|Dinner: oatmeal, chicken breast, mineral water|
|Day 5||Breakfast: boiled egg, beef liver, apricot puree, honey tea|
|2 Breakfast: vegetable casserole, pasta, tomato juice, mineral water|
|Lunch: Rabbit soup, rabbit or turkey steak, roasted zucchini, preserves|
|Snacks: jelly, cookies, mashed bananas|
|Dinner: mashed potatoes, boiled cod, kefir|
|Day 6||Breakfast: rice, chicken chop, cod liver, tomato sauce|
|Second breakfast: Cereal, beef tongue, roasted pumpkin, rosehip soup|
|Lunch: vegetable soup, boiled fish, applesauce, mineral water|
|Snack Biscuits, Jam, Fermented Baked Milk, Walnuts|
|Dinner: Chicken soufflé, oatmeal, bread, preserves|
|Day 7||Breakfast: Stew, beef slices, bread, tea, honey|
|Second breakfast: rice, cod liver, tomato juice, peanuts|
|Lunch: vegetable soup, fish cakes, biscuits, bran soup|
|Snacks: cheese, honey, tea|
|Dinner: curd, biscuits, cereal, beef tongue|
important! The size of the serving depends on the patient's health. A person can increase or decrease their volume, as well as change some ingredients. The main thing is to use useful and permitted products specifically for pancreatitis.
Pancreatic Inflammation Recipes
To make your daily menu look less boring, you can diversify it with the following recipes.
Grate potatoes and squash (0. 5 kg each), grate 1 carrot. Layer the veggies into the pan (coated with olive oil), starting with the potatoes. Pour in half the volume of water, salt and cook for 25-30 minutes. Sprinkle with parsley and dill at the end.
For cooking, you will need to take ½ kg of fillets, cut into medium thin slices and place on a foil-lined baking sheet. Sprinkle carrots (1) on top, add 10g butter, salt and wrap in foil. Bake in the oven at 180 degrees for half an hour.
fish cakes (quenelles)
Grind 400 grams of fish, add a quarter of bread softened in milk and 2 egg whites. Stir in salt. To make spherical patties, place in boiling water for 3-5 minutes.
Steamed Pork Pudding 3
- Rabbit meat (130 g);
- butter (25g);
- semolina (3 tsp);
- Half a cup of water.
Thoroughly grind the meat to a uniform consistency, add the semolina, the whipped protein, then the raw egg yolks and mix all the ingredients, lightly knead the dough into the molds and steam.
Grate apples (250g) on a fine grater and add cheese (300g). Separately, beat melted butter (50 g) with sugar (3 tablespoons) and egg yolks (4) and add the whipped egg whites to the foam (4). Pour the prepared ingredients into the apples and cottage cheese and mix. Pour the finished cream dough into a greased shape and bake at 180 degrees for 25-40 minutes.
All recipes are allowed in the chronic phase of pancreatitis. Not only are they healthy, but they're also delicious enough to get you off your junk food thoughts and enjoy a healthy diet.
A strict pancreatitis diet is a major component of the treatment of dangerous pathologies. Allowed foods are rich in vitamins and minerals, which make the diet complete and healthy. It is important to give up junk food, addiction and strictly follow your doctor's instructions. This will help prevent disease progression and achieve long-term remission.