How to eat right in gout patients, diet characteristics

Gout is a frequently occurring disease. People with this disorder have many problems. How to eat gout, are there any restrictions on the choice of products for this disease? How to go on a diet? What should be done to prevent the disease from getting worse?

General description of pathology and dietary principles

Gout is inflammation of the joints that develops over time. Pathology is caused by violation of purine metabolism. The body produces excess uric acid in the blood. The mechanisms by which the disease develops are not fully understood.

Gout Foot Symptoms


  • High intake of purines with the product;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • reduce the intensity of uric acid excretion in the urine;
  • Increase the production of uric acid.

Gout diet is an important part of treatment. Nutrition is organized in a way that reduces the amount of uric acid compounds in the body.

Diet principles:

  • If there is excess weight, it is necessary to reduce it;
  • control the amount of fluid intake required;
  • Limit foods high in purines, such as meat and fish;
  • Increase dishes that contain small amounts of purine compounds, such as milk and cereals.

In a series of measures to improve the condition of gout patients, proper diet is necessary.

What can't you eat with gout

Gout sufferers, you need to know what to throw away when compiling a healthy menu.

fasting for gout

Table "What not to eat with gout":

Product Group



  • strong tea, coffee;
  • cocoa;
  • Alcohol;
  • beverages made with yeast;

Appetizers, Salads

  • sausage;
  • bacon;
  • canned food;
  • spicy, salty dishes;

condiments, sauces

  • horseradish;
  • mustard;
  • various peppers;
  • sauces on meat, fish, mushroom broths;


  • edible oil;
  • Animal fats: pork, lamb, beef;

fruit, berries

figs, raspberries;


salted, pickled cucumbers;


  • beans;
  • beans;
  • lentils;




  • cheese;
  • Spicy, savory varieties;

a fish

  • greasy;
  • smoked;
  • salty;
  • canned fish;


  • veal;
  • Chick;
  • mutton;
  • pork;
  • brain;
  • sausage;
  • kidney;
  • liver;
  • canned meat;


  • Meat, fish, mushroom-based broth;
  • spinach soup, sorrel;

flour products

Don't abuse muffins.

There are a series of mistakes that can make the disease worse:

  • eat foods high in purines;
  • Abuse of alcohol;
  • lack of fluids in the diet;
  • Excessive consumption of fat, animal-derived protein;
  • use a lot of salt;
  • Lack of vegetables, berries, fruits in the diet.

These foods must be excluded from the diet so as not to worsen the disease.

What can you eat with gout

A list of recommended products for this pathology would be useful.

what to eat for gout

Table "what to eat for gout":

Product Group




  • weak tea, coffee;
  • rosehip soup;
  • juices of vegetables and fruits;

It is useful to add milk;

Appetizers, Salads

  • vegetable salad;
  • mild cheese;

can eat balsamic vinegar;

condiments, sauces

  • from tomatoes;
  • vegetable soup;
  • sour cream;
  • milk;
  • Cinnamon;
  • vanillin;


  • butter;
  • vegetable oil;

fruit, berries

  • all berries;
  • different fruits;
  • Can be eaten fresh or after heat treatment;
  • figs, raspberries, only with the doctor's permission;


  • Potato;
  • beet;
  • carrot;
  • summer pumpkin;
  • pumpkin;
  • Bell Pepper;
  • eggplant;
  • Chinese cabbage;
  • fresh cucumber;

Tomatoes approved by a doctor;


any type;

Do not abuse quantities;


All foods except beans and oatmeal;


All varieties except spicy and salty;

dairy products

  • milk;
  • kefir;
  • cottage cheese;
  • curd;

Useful dishes based on dairy products;

a fish

low-fat varieties;

not more than 2 times a week;


1-2 weeks;

in any dish


  • beef;
  • Turkey;
  • rabbit;
  • Chick;
  • not more than 3 times a week;
  • cook for a couple;
  • boiled;


  • vegetable;
  • vegetarian;
  • dairy products;
  • cereals;
  • Beetroot;
  • Okroska;

flour products

Bread wheat, rye.

These products are recommended for gout.

Gout Diet: Table 6

Nutritionists prescribe "Form No. 6" for the following diseases:

  • gout;
  • increase the formation of uric acid;
  • Urolithiasis.

Dietary Rules "Table 6":

  • Prohibition of overeating and starvation;
  • During the day, the body should accept 2400-2600 calories;
  • drink at least 2. 5 liters of fluids per day;
  • eat steamed or boiled dishes;
  • Eat at least 5 times a day;
  • eat in small amounts;
  • Reject products containing purine and oxalic acid;
  • Limit salt intake.

The duration of the therapeutic nutritional course is prescribed individually by the attending physician.

Diet during a gout attack

What should I eat during a gout attack? It is necessary to relieve inflammation and pain. To do this, you need to change your diet.

Nutritional rules during a gout attack:

  • Fasting days are spent every other day;
  • eat only fruits and vegetables;
  • eat small portions;
  • Do not overload the digestive system;
  • Love small meals.

In most cases, the strict diet lasts no more than 3 days. After the pain stops, you can gradually switch to the usual menu, allowing gout.

Menu during a gout attack

During exacerbations, the following products are recommended:

  • rosehip soup;
  • liquid milk porridge;
  • milk;
  • Mineral water, slightly hot;
  • raw apple;
  • Apple juice, tomato, carrot juice;
  • milk jelly;
  • vegetable puree soup;
  • fruit preserves;
  • Green tea with milk and honey.

After a diet, you can gradually add meat dishes to your diet, starting with the steamed meat in the oven. It is recommended to stick to the diet until the leg pain stops.

Features of fasting days

During exacerbations, therapeutic starvation is not acceptable. Completely refusing food can make the condition worse. Fasting days can significantly improve a patient's condition.

Gout Cheese Unloading Day

Uninstall options:

  • Vegetables on vegetables and fruits;
  • kefir curd;
  • Rice.

In a plant-based diet, eating one of the allowed fruits or vegetables is recommended. Let's eat salad. For the most part, apple day is unloading and you can eat no more than 250 grams of apples per day.

On kefir tofu fasting days, you can eat 0. 4kg of nonfat cheese, 0. 5l of kefir.

Rice unloading day includes 75 grams of rice and 1 apple. They need to be eaten in small amounts throughout the day.

It is recommended to drink preserves made from apples on these days. You don't need to add sugar.

The Gout Diet: This Week's Menu

Offers a menu option for gout, designed for 7 days. Include foods that are low in purines.

day of the week

a meal


on Monday

  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • Oatmeal with milk, 30 grams of strawberries, green tea;
  • cheesecake, rosehip broth;
  • Vegetable puree soup, salad, rabbit meatballs, apple preserves;
  • 1 cup fermented baked milk;
  • Barley porridge, milk tea;


  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • Buckwheat porridge, milk;
  • coconut pancakes;
  • Stews, boiled turkey, preserves;
  • berry jelly, cheese toast;
  • cheese with berries;


  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • vanilla omelet, yogurt;
  • chamomile tea, toast;
  • Kefir vegetables okroshka, Borodino bread;
  • Greek yogurt;
  • Vegetable salad with flax seeds, green tea.


  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • Berry purée pancakes, rosehip broth;
  • yogurt, biscuits;
  • rice, boiled turkey, beet salad, jelly;
  • a cup of kefir;
  • Herbs boiled potatoes, chamomile soup;


  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • cottage cheese pancakes, green tea;
  • Peanut butter, toast, fermented baked milk;
  • Vegetable soup puree, steamed pork steak, candied fruit;
  • blueberry soufflé;
  • Vegetable salad, rose hip soup;


  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • pasta, herbal tea;
  • 30 grams of nuts, yogurt;
  • potato casserole, green salad, apple juice;
  • cheese with plums;
  • Greek yogurt;


  • breakfast
  • Lunch
  • dinner
  • afternoon tea
  • dinner
  • scrambled eggs, vegetable salad, juice;
  • avocado sandwiches, green tea;
  • Egg vermicelli soup, chicken breast, salad, preserves;
  • 100 grams of cherries, fermented baked milk;
  • Beetroot casserole, chamomile tea.

Food must be taken at the same time to avoid overeating and starvation.

gout recipes

When forming your diet, you should include those dishes made from permitted products.

Recommended cooking method:

  • a couple;
  • boiling;
  • bake;
  • Extinguishing.

For cooking, you need to take low-fat meat, fish.

Recipe "Beetroot Casserole"

Gout Beetroot Soup

Required Ingredients:

  • Beet - 1;
  • carrot - 1;
  • Onion - 1;
  • Tomato paste - 0. 5 tbsp;
  • egg - 1;
  • flour - ½ cup;
  • salt to taste;
  • Sour cream, dill green to taste.

Cooking Technique:

  1. Peel carrots and beets and chop with a coarse grater.
  2. Cut the onion into half rings.
  3. Beat the eggs a little, add salt, ketchup, and flour. Mix until a homogeneous mass is obtained.
  4. Line a baking sheet with foil or parchment paper.
  5. Put the vegetable mixture on the bottom.
  6. Pour in the egg mixture.
  7. Preheat oven to 180°C.
  8. Bake for 50-60 minutes.

You can finish this dish with dill, sour cream.

Egg Soup Recipe

gout egg soup

Required Ingredients:

  • 3 potatoes;
  • Onion - 1;
  • carrot - 1;
  • eggs - 2;
  • vermicelli - ½ cup;
  • Vegetable oil.

Cooking Technique:

  1. Prepare the seasoning, prepare carrots and onions for this. Cut into pieces and simmer in vegetable oil in a pan.
  2. Pour water and salt into the pot.
  3. Cut potatoes into cubes and place in water. Boil for 10 minutes.
  4. Add seasonings, vermicelli.
  5. Beat the eggs and pour the soup into the fine line.
  6. Turn off the stove.

This dish can be served in 15 minutes.

Oven Roasted Cabbage Recipe

Roasted cabbage for gout

Required Ingredients:

  • Cabbage - 1;
  • Permissible seasonings, such as chilli, basil mixtures;
  • salt to taste;
  • olive oil.

Cooking Technique:

  1. Divide the head of cabbage into 4-5 portions.
  2. Sprinkle the vegetables with seasoning, salt, and brush with olive oil.
  3. Preheat oven to 200°C.
  4. Bake for 40 minutes.

When choosing certain dishes, you need to keep in mind that the body must get good nutrition, as well as the necessary vitamins and minerals.

Preventive measures for gout

There are some ways to prevent this disease. If your relative has a case of gout, the pathological risk is increased. How to prevent problems.

Prevention of gout:

  • Regular blood tests to control uric acid levels;
  • lead a healthy life;
  • fight extra pounds;
  • prevent pressure buildup;
  • Follow proper nutritional rules.
Foods to prevent gout

It is necessary to take precautions to reduce the amount of foods containing purines:

  • beans;
  • pea;
  • soybean;
  • tomato;
  • sorrel;
  • internal organs;
  • crayfish;
  • game;
  • young animal meat;
  • string;
  • Canned fish, meat;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • sausage;
  • Beverages that contain fructose.

Therefore, the gout diet is included in the complex of necessary measures to improve the patient's condition. If there are other medical conditions, such as diabetes, chronic diseases, you will need to change your diet. In any case, you must first consult your doctor.